Fig 1: Emperor Constantine I. A painting depicting the current smokestack skyline that was erected in Manchester England in the mid 1800s. The various forms Of Christianity within Medieval Europe. Politically speaking, modern European history is defined by the consequences that was left by the French Revolution. Christianity had two major sects: that of the Roman Church and the Byzantine Church. In 1789, the monarchy and the elite wealthy class France was swiftly overthrown by the country’s subject. In the headship of the Roman church was the Pope. Inspired by the ideals of the new age of equality and liberty the masses of French society were forced to dismantle their system of government that they believed was unjust and ineffective.
Meanwhile, the Byzantine Emperor was the head of over the Byzantine Church. In the course of history, the French Revolution was a defining period in the history of the present European history. The Emperor appointed the position of a Patriarc one who was inferior to him in authority. It was the beginning of the end of monarchy across most of Europe and marked the beginning of the age of democracy and liberty. The various churches had different theological beliefs , which created the possibility of a division between them. The gradual decline of kingdoms was followed by the rise of nations, while monarchs were replaced with elected heads of state. This split grew in intensity up to Photian Schism in 863 . The Age of Empire.
The decisive blow came in the Great Schism when the two churches broke up. The transformation of the political system in Europe in the wake of the French Revolution did not bring an end to the empires of Europe all over the world. The Byzantine Church was renamed known as the Eastern Orthodox Church, while another became known as the Roman Catholic Church. In fact, it was the reverse. Photian Schism: The countries in Northern as well as Western Europe benefited tremendously from the Industrial Revolution and were able to make use of steam vessels and railroads as tools to extend their empires further into the interiors Asia, Africa and the Americas. The Pope claimed that he was in charge of all the Church, and said that even it was the Byzantine Emperor was subordinate to his authority. Armed with modern technology, England was able achieve impressive military victories over powerful India and China and China, which was not previously accomplished by an European power.
Of course that was not the case. France, Germany and even small powerhouses like Belgium could forge themselves as colonies (largely within Africa) by using modern weaponry and technology. Byzantines were not in agreement and believed that the Emperor was entitled to the authority to name one of the Patriarchs without the permission of the Pope. A Political Cartoon showing British imperialist Cecil Rhodes standing atop Africa using the Telegraph cable. Eastern Orthodox Church.
The empire of England was approximately a quarter of globe. It was believed that the Eastern Orthodox Church was believed to be to be the first Christian Church, and the only authentic one. Domestically, the industry of England had transformed into the ‘workshop for the world’ and produced unimaginable quantities of textiles as well as other goods that were made that it could export to its colonies.
Different groups have made this claim within Christianity. As England was the world’s unrivaled power during the 19th and early twentieth centuries other industrial powers in Europe were growing also. The church is of the opinion that its leadership can trace their rights to rule to the early Twelve Apostles who were apostles of Jesus Christ. Germany was one of them, and despite having several overseas colonies, was one of Europe’s largest economies and soon became one of Europe’s most powerful militaries. This was a more common belief within Eastern Europe. An Generation of Crisis.
Roman Catholic Church. From 1914 until 1945 Europe went through two world wars, as well as general depression. Roman Catholics believe their church represents the earthly manifestation of the will Christ has for us on Earth. These combined, could be considered to be a lengthy period of general crises. Their belief is that Pope Francis is able to trace his power to Peter the one of Jesus’ disciples. In the early days of the First World War (1914 – 1918) the top nations of Europe were caught in an alliance web and nationalist interests that were competing.
It was believed by them in it was the Bible was the oldest text on earth and it was a reference to a righteous life that could take you to Heaven. In the first half of the 20th century, almost all major military powers in Europe had concluded defensive treaties with a number of allies. This was a more common belief within Western Europe.
This arrangement ensured that a war declared on one country would draw many of the allied powers into the war. In this piece, we’ll be focusing upon specifically the Roman Catholic Church. Therefore, it was likely that even a minor war between two lesser powers would develop into a multi-national conflict.
2. The assassination of Archduke of Austria-Hungary in the summer of 1914 served as an ember that led the rival power that were Russia as well as Austria-Hungary into conflict. This chart shows the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church. Germany, England, France as well as a variety of other countries accepted their treaties of alliance and jumped into the fray. The role played by Christianity and its role in Medieval Europe. In the next few days, everything in Europe was caught in conflict in the open. Christianity directly has influenced life of Europeans all the way from the King all the way to the commoner. World War I is often thought of as the first massive industrial war.
We’ll explore Christian impact on Ruler’s and Commoner’s levels. Indeed, the use tanks, machine guns as well as chemical gas made one of the deadliest wars in history. Commoners lived their lives around the Church, and the church’s burden was to be shared by the ordinary. The expansion of war into the Atlantic eventually pressed the United States into joining the War on the side of the Russian-British-French alliance in 1917.
Churches weren’t tax-paying and weren’t supported from the kingdom. A landing by French forces at the end of World War I. They depended on their members to pay 10 percent of their income for the benefit of the church. The loss of Germany and essay her allies during the First World War in 1918 caused, in part, to both general economic decline as well as the Second World War (1939 – 1945).
Churches also charged for weddings, baptisms and other religious services. Germany was hit with heavy war reparations and was taken away from the military. The celebrations around Holy Days, like Easter or Candlemas, were also financed by ordinary people.
Through the 1930s, Germany was committed to a totalitarian and militant government system in the hope of reclaiming its previous standing as an important military and industrial strength in Europe.